A manicure is a cosmetic beauty treatment for the fingernails and hands performed at home or in a nail salon. A manicure consists of filing, shaping of the free edge, pushing (with cuticle pusher) and clipping (with cuticle nippers) any nonliving tissue (limited to cuticle and hangnails) from the nail plate, treatments, massage of the hand and the application of polish. When applied to the toenails and feet, this treatment is referred to as a Pedicure.
Hot oil manicure
A hot oil manicure is a specific type of manicure that cleans the cuticles and softens them with oil. It works well for dry skin and nails that are brittle as it improves them both by leaving them soft and pliable. Types of oils that can be used are mineral oil, olive oil or commercial preparation in an electric heater.
Common manicure tools and supplies
Bowl of warm water or fingerbath
Cuticle knife and clippers
Cuticle pusher/Hoof stick – often made from metal or orange wood
Nail file (usually an emery board)
Rubber thimble resembling object (used to help open polish)
Nail Art Brushes/Tools
Nail polish remover or nail polish remover wipes
Base coat polish & ridge filler polish
Top coat or sealant
For Decoration (optional):
Nail jewels (often self-adhesive)
Small dried flowers
Fimo/Nail art cane slices
A pedicure is a way to improve the appearance of the feet and the nails. It provides a similar service to a manicure. The word pedicure refers to superficial cosmetic treatment of the feet and toenails. A pedicure can help prevent nail diseases and nail disorders. Pedicures are done for cosmetic, therapeutic and medical purposes. They are extremely popular throughout the world, primarily among women.
A man with blue toenails
Pedicures are not just limited to nails; usually dead skin cells on the bottom of feet are rubbed off using a rough stone called a pumice stone. Additionally, leg care below the knee became a common and now expected service included in pedicures. Leg care includes depilation via either shaving or waxing followed by granular exfoliation, application of moisturising creams, and a brief leg massage.
Tools and nail cosmetics
Cuticle pusher or Cuticle nipper
Pumice stone (removes dead skin from sole of foot)
Paper towels (rolled between toes to separate them)
Dry nail polish
Liquid nail polish
Nail polish remover
Nail polish thinner
Types of Pedicures
There are various different types of pedicures. Some of the most common types are as follows (names and products may vary from spa to spa):
Regular Pedicure: This is a simple treatment that includes foot soaking, foot scrubbing with a pumice stone or foot file, nail clipping, nail shaping, foot and calf massage, moisturizer and nail polishing.
Spa Pedicure: Includes the regular pedicure and generally adds one of the following: Paraffin dip, masks, mud or seaweed treatment.
Paraffin Pedicure: This is a treatment that includes a regular pedicure but also includes the use of paraffin wax. The feet are covered with layers of paraffin wax to moisturize feet.
Stone Pedicure: This is basically a foot massage that involves the use of various different essential oils that are rubbed with the help of hot stones for the massage of the feet and legs.
French Pedicure: It is a regular pedicure that involves the use of white polish on the nail tips with a sheer pink color on the base.
Mini Pedicure: This focuses mainly on the toes with a quick soak, nail shaping and polish, but does not include the massage or sole care. This is designed for an appointment between regular pedicures for generally well maintained feet.
Athletic Pedicure: This is a regular pedicure for men or woman, it does includes either a clear polish or just toe nail buffing. Usually, the aromatics used will be more cooling like peppermint, cucumber or eucalyptus.
Chocolate Pedicure: A regular pedicure which may include a chocolate foot soak, chocolate foot mask or chocolate moisturizing lotion.
Ice Cream Pedicure: A Regular Pedicure where you choose your Bath ball which looks like a scoop of ice cream. The soak is followed with a foot scrub usually in (Vanilla, Chocolate or Strawberry) And topped with a whipped moisturizing lotion, cherry red polish tops it off.
Margarita Pedicure: This is a regular pedicure which includes a salt scrub, lime soaking water with fresh limes, a lime based massage oil and moisturizer.
Champagne or Wine Pedicure: This is a regular pedicure usually featuring a grape seed scrub, grape mask peel and finished off with a grape seed oil or moisturizing massage